Equally important aspects of the story are the individuals for whom the buildings are named, for they can be viewed as a barometer of the institution's priorities over the years.
Outstanding statesmen, scholars, scientists, administrators, and business leaders, many of whom were alumni, are honored here.
(Note that Mc Cutchen also has its main floor above ground level - a prime example of climatic influence upon architecture, in this case Columbia's hot, humid summers.) The most architecturally distinctive building on the Horseshoe is South Caroliniana Library (1840), influenced by Robert Mills, the nation's first federal architect and the designer of the Washington Monument.
There is a fascinating story to be discerned, if we know where to look.According to Bryan, these drawings, proposing a structure much more elaborate than the one eventually built at the College, contain "the seeds of the library plan finally adopted by the Board." There is strong evidence that Mills participated in the modification of the designs that appear in his diary, and it appears that some drawings made by Benjamin Henry Latrobe for the Library of Congress served as a model.(Mills was working in Latrobe's office when these drawings were executed in 1808.) Features of the Fireproof Building built in Charleston (l821-1827), the State Insane Asylum erected in Columbia (1821-1828), and the Marine Hospital constructed in Charleston (1831-1834)-all designed by Mills-suggest that the South Caroliniana Library is, in Bryan's words, a "pastiche" including "elements of several designs by Robert Mills." The library is distinguished by its four enormous white columns and by the "Bulfinch Room" on the second floor which was copied, including the unique skylights, from the reading room that Charles Bulfinch designed for the original Library of Congress.Rutledge weathered fire, an earthquake, and the Civil War, after which it became the site of both federal and state offices. De Saussure College (1809) is the second oldest building on campus and the complement of Rutledge.As with the earlier building, the wings were used as residences and the central section served as academic facilities.