In addition thousands more subscribed to the numerous weekly papers and the many magazines.At the beginning of the 20th century, these newly arrived Jews built support networks consisting of many small synagogues and Ashkenazi Jewish Landsmannschaften (German for "Countryman Associations") for Jews from the same town or village.Many immigrant narratives bear a theme of the arbitrary nature of fate and the reduced state of immigrants in a new culture.
Korelitz (1996) shows how American Jews during the late 19th and early 20th centuries abandoned a racial definition of Jewishness in favor of one that embraced ethnicity.
More recent waves of Jewish emigration from Russia and other regions have largely joined the mainstream American Jewish community.
Americans of Jewish descent have been disproportionately successful in many fields and aspects over the years.
The journal represented the ideals of the menorah movement established by Horace M.
Kallen and others to promote a revival in Jewish cultural identity and combat the idea of race as a means to define or identify peoples.